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This is an English Essay on “Allama Muhammad Iqbal”. This essay is equally best for 2nd year and 10th class students. Allama Iqbal is our National Poet. He was born at Sialkot on November 9, 1877. He belonged to a respectable Kashmiri family.

Essay Title: Allama Muhammad Iqbal

Related Title: Our National Poet

Allama Muhammad Iqbal is our national poet. He was born in Sialkot on November 9, 1877. He belonged to a respectable Kashmiri family. One of his forefathers left Kashmir and settled in Sialkot. His father Sheikh Noor Muhammad was a pious and religious man. Allama Iqbal inherited religious studies and gain deep love for his religion from his parents. After completing his primary education, he came to Lahore for learning. At that time the English were the rulers of India. They were very cunning. They did not like the Muslims. They tried their best to keep the Muslims backward and ignorant. Iqbal, who was a great well-wisher of the Muslims, tried to awaken the Muslims from their sleep of ignorance through his poetry.


Allama Iqbal received his early education from Mission High School, Sialkot and passed the intermediate examination from Murray College. His teacher, Molvi Mir Hassan was a educated and pious man. Iqbal had the good fortune of studying Arabic, Persian and Islamic Studies under the inspiring guidance of his teacher. In one of his poems, he highly praised the love, affection, and care of his teacher bestowed upon him. Then he went to Lahore and passed his M.A examination from Government College Lahore. He joined the teaching staff of the college Govt. College Lahore and served some time there.


In 1905 he went to Europe for higher studies in Philosophy and Law. He did his Ph.D. in Philosophy from Germany and Bar-at-law from London. He served as a professor of Arabic at London University for six months. His stay in Europe was of great importance. He was unimpressed by Western civilization. That is why he criticized it in his poetry. He also predicted that the selfish civilization of the West is to lead them only towards devastation.


When he returned home, He started the law practice in Lahore High Court. But he was more interested in poetry than in law. He dedicated most of his time to poetry, philosophy, and religion. He aroused and united the Muslims through his poetry. In fact, he had great love and empathy for the Muslims of India. He wanted to see them united and free. He wrote many poems for the Muslims.


Iqbal presided over the Allahabad Session of All-India Muslim League in 1930. Here he gave us the idea of Pakistan. He said that the solution to the problems of the Indian Muslims was a separate Muslim state. He preached that slavery was the greatest curse. The Muslims should break the chains of slavery. He pointed out the main causes of the turn down of Muslims.


Allama Iqbal was a motivational poet of Urdu and Persian. He was an inspired and creative poet. He dreamt of a separate homeland for the Muslims of the Sub-continent. But he could not live long to see he dream materialized in the shape of Pakistan in 1947. He died on the 21st of April, 1938. His death was a great loss for the Muslims. He was buried near the gate of Shahi Mosque, Lahore. Every year, Iqbal Day is celebrated to pay him homage.


He wrote many books such as Bang-e-Dara, Bal-e-Jibreel, Zarb-e-Kaleem, Israr-e-Khudi etc. Most of his poetry is in Persian. In this age when the Muslims are being insulted and crushed throughout the world, it is necessary that we should get guidance and inspiration from his poetry. If we his poetry and follow his advice, we will surely regain our lost glory. His poetry is not for one time. It is for everyone and for every age. What a perfect code of ethics and morality his poetry is! May the Muslims of today read his poetry and get an urge to gain their golden past. Ameen!

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